Cold And Flu Treatment

What Is A Cold?

A cold, also known as the common cold, is a viral infection that primarily affects the nose and throat. It’s a contagious illness, most commonly caused by rhinoviruses. While it’s often confused with the flu due to similar symptoms, a cold is generally milder.

Colds are prevalent, especially among children, with most kids getting several colds each year. Although a cold can be caught at any time of year, they are especially common in the winter or rainy seasons.

Symptoms of a Cold

  • Runny or Stuffy Nose: One of the most common symptoms, a runny or congested nose is often the first sign of a cold.

  • Sneezing: Frequent sneezing can occur as the body tries to clear out the nasal passages.

  • Sore Throat: This is often a result of post-nasal drip, where mucus from the nose trickles down the back of the throat, causing discomfort.

  • Coughing: Coughing is another way your body attempts to rid itself of the infection, resulting from the post-nasal drip irritating the throat.

  • Mild Headache: Many people with a cold experience a light headache.

  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or low-energy is common, as the body uses energy to fight off the virus.

  • Low-Grade Fever: While fevers are more common with the flu, a low-grade fever can sometimes accompany a cold.

  • Mild Body Aches: These may occur, but are usually far less severe than with the flu.

Symptoms typically appear one to three days after exposure to a cold-causing virus and then resolve within a week. If symptoms persist beyond a week, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare professional.

What's The Difference Between The Cold Vs. Flu?

The common cold and the flu, or influenza, are both respiratory illnesses caused by different viruses. Although they share many similarities in their symptoms, they are different conditions, each with its unique set of characteristics. Understanding the differences between a cold and the flu can help you seek the most appropriate care and treatment for your child.

Symptoms and Severity

  • Cold: A cold typically presents with mild symptoms, including a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, and occasional coughing. A mild headache and fatigue can occur, and body aches, if present, are usually mild. Colds rarely cause a high fever, and the onset of symptoms is gradual over several days.

  • Flu: Flu symptoms are generally more severe and come on suddenly. They include a fever (usually high), aching muscles, chills and sweats, headache, dry and persistent cough, fatigue and weakness, nasal congestion, and a sore throat.

Duration of Illness

  • Cold: A cold will usually last about a week. If symptoms don’t improve or get worse after this time, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare provider.

  • Flu: The flu can last one to two weeks. Some symptoms, like fatigue and cough, can persist even longer.

Time of Year

  • Cold: Colds can occur at any time of the year but are more common in winter months.

  • Flu: Flu season typically runs from fall to early spring, with the peak occurring during the winter months.

Treatment and Prevention

  • Cold: There’s no cure for a cold. Treatment is focused on relieving symptoms and may include rest, staying hydrated, and over-the-counter cold remedies.

  • Flu: Antiviral drugs, prescribed by a healthcare provider, can treat the flu. These work best when administered within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. Like a cold, rest and hydration are also essential. Annual vaccination is the most effective way to prevent the flu.

In both conditions, remember to ensure your child gets plenty of rest and stays well-hydrated. It’s always a good idea to consult a healthcare provider like Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics if your child’s symptoms are severe, don’t improve, or if you’re unsure whether it’s a cold or the flu.


While both the common cold and the flu are caused by viruses and cannot be “cured” by antibiotics, there are various ways to manage their symptoms and make your child feel better. Here’s an overview of some of the treatment options for these illnesses.

Cold Treatments

  • Rest and Hydration: The first line of treatment for a cold includes plenty of rest and staying hydrated. Water, juice, warm broth, or even warm lemon water with honey can help loosen congestion and prevent dehydration.

  • Over-the-Counter Medications: Over-the-counter cold remedies can help alleviate symptoms like a runny nose, congestion, and body aches. Note that these medications do not shorten the duration of the cold but can help make your child more comfortable.

  • Humidifier: A cool-mist humidifier can moisten your child’s nasal passages and throat, making them more comfortable. Remember to clean the humidifier regularly to prevent mold and bacteria buildup.

  • Saline Nasal Drops: For infants, saline nasal drops and a bulb syringe can help clear nasal passages.

Flu Treatments

  • Rest and Hydration: Similar to a cold, rest and hydration are critical when your child has the flu. Encourage your child to drink water or electrolyte solutions to replenish lost fluids.

  • Antiviral Medications: If your child’s flu symptoms are severe or they are at high risk of flu-related complications, a healthcare provider might prescribe antiviral medication. These medications can help lessen symptoms and shorten the duration of the illness.

  • Over-the-Counter Medications: Over-the-counter flu remedies can help reduce some flu symptoms. As with colds, these do not cure the flu but can make your child more comfortable.

  • Humidifier: A humidifier can also help soothe flu-induced coughing and sore throat.

Always remember to consult with a healthcare provider before giving your child any new medication. If your child’s symptoms become severe or persist, reach out to a healthcare provider like Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics, who can provide comprehensive care at the comfort of your home. The goal of treatment is to help manage symptoms while the body fights off the virus. Lastly, prevention—through good hygiene practices and, for the flu, annual vaccinations—is always better than cure.

Choose Happy Hearts For Your Cold Treatments

When your child is suffering from a cold or the flu, the last thing you want is to drag them out of the house and into a crowded medical clinic or emergency room where they could potentially be exposed to other germs. This is where Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics steps in, providing a compassionate and convenient solution for parents and children alike. Here’s how we can assist families right at their homes, offering the same level of care you’d expect from a traditional pediatrician.

Prompt Service

At Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics, we understand that your child’s health can’t wait. Our lead nurse, Jill Kelly, can promptly respond to your home calls. Instead of waiting for hours in an urgent care or ER, you can get professional healthcare in the comfort of your home. We prioritize offering care in less than a few hours, ensuring your child gets timely treatment.

Experienced and Certified Medical Care

We provide experienced and certified medical care for children from newborns up to 18 years old. Our team is well-versed in diagnosing and treating a range of childhood illnesses, including colds and flu. We know how to handle these common ailments and make your child feel comfortable during the process.

Prescription Services

One of the major benefits of choosing Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics is our ability to write prescriptions on-site. This means that if your child is diagnosed with the flu, we can quickly prescribe antiviral medication, ensuring the treatment starts as soon as possible. For colds, we can recommend over-the-counter remedies to help manage symptoms.

Follow-up Care

At Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics, we don’t just treat your child and leave. We follow up on their condition, ensuring they are improving and responding well to the treatment. This personal touch sets us apart, making us not just a healthcare provider, but a part of your family’s health journey.

Convenience and Comfort

Perhaps the greatest advantage of our services is the convenience and comfort they offer. By coming to your home, we alleviate the stress and anxiety associated with a visit to a doctor’s office. Children can stay in a familiar environment, surrounded by their toys and comforts, reducing the emotional strain of being sick.

Choosing Happy Heart’s Mobile Pediatrics means choosing convenience, compassion, and top-notch medical care. When your child is sick, trust us to deliver quality pediatric care right to your doorstep. We’re more than just a “Pediatrician Near Me”—we’re a dedicated healthcare partner for your family.

Meet Our Pediatric Nurse Practitioner​

Jill Richey